Resources, Links and References

A. Resources

Washington Center: National Resource Center for Learning Communities

Based at Evergreen State College, Washington, the Washington Center is a national clearing house for information on learning communities in higher education. Host of National Summer Institute on learning communities.

Learning Communities Research and Practice

Scholarly journal published by the Washington Center

Learning Communities Journal

Published at Miami University of Ohio.


 B. Links to Selected College and University Learning Community Programs

Pace University – New York, NY


Holyoke Community College – Holyoke, MA

Cascadia College – Bethell, WN

Wagner College – Staten Island, NY

Baruch College-CUNY – New York, NY

Bunker Hill Community College – Boston, MA

Kingsborough Community College-CUNY – Brooklyn, NY

Skagit Valley College – Mount Vernon, WA

SUNY Potsdam – Potsdam, NY

Arts One and Freshman Science Seminar at University of British Columbia – Vancouver BC

University of Saskatchewan – Saskatoon, SK


C. Selected Learning Community Resources

AAC&U. (2007). College Learning for the New Global Century: A Report from the National Leadership Council for Liberal Education & America’s Promise. Association of
American Colleges & Universities.

Astin, A. W. (1993). What matters in college?: Four critical years revisited. San
Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Barefoot, B. (2012). Linked Courses for General Education and Integrative Learning: A Guide for Faculty and Administrators. M. Soven, D. Lehr, S. Naynaha, & W. Olson (Eds.).
Sterling; Stylus.

Bass, R. (2012). Disrupting ourselves: The problem of learning in higher education. Educause Review, 47(2), 23-33.

Bloom, D., & Sommo, C. (2005). Building learning communities: Early results from the opening doors demonstration at Kingsborough Community College. New York: MDRC.

Boyer Commission. (1998). Reinventing undergraduate education: A blueprint for America’s research universities. Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching.

Brownell, J. E., & Swaner, L. E. (2009). High-impact practices: Applying the learning outcomes literature to the development of successful campus programs. Peer Review, 11(2), 26.

Buch, K., & Spaulding, S. (2008). A longitudinal assessment of an initial cohort in a psychology learning community. Teaching of Psychology, 35(3), 189-193.

Dewey, J. (1938). Education and experience. New York: Simon and Schuster.

Ellertson, Shari L., “Mid-career faculty involvement in learning communities: an exploration of outcomes and vitality ” (2004). Retrospective Theses and Dissertations. Paper 1155. University of Iowa.

Engstrom, C. M. (2008). Curricular learning communities and unprepared students: How faculty can provide a foundation for success. New Directions for Teaching and Learning, 2008 (115), 5-19.

Engstrom, C. M., & Tinto, V. (2008). Learning better together: The impact of learning
communities on the persistence of low-income students. Opportunity Matters, 1(1), 5-21.

Finley, A. (2009). The First-Year Experience and learning communities at Dickinson: Findings from four years of research. Carlisle: Dickinson College.

Fogarty, J. and Dunlap, L. (2003). Learning communities in community colleges. Washington Center for Improving the Quality of Undergraduate Education.

Gabelnick, F. G. (1990). Learning communities: Creating connections among students, faculty, and disciplines (Vol. 6). San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Geri, L., Kuehn, D., & MacGregor, J. (1999). From innovation to reform: Reflections on case
studies of 19 learning community initiatives. Strengthening learning communities: Case studies from the National Learning Communities Dissemination Project.(FIPSE). Olympia, WA: The Evergreen State College, Washington Center for Improving the Quality of Undergraduate Education.

Graziano, J., & Kahn, G. (2013). Sustained faculty development in learning communities.
Learning Communities Research and Practice, 1(2), 5.

Grubb, W. N. (Ed.). (2002). Honored but invisible: An inside look at teaching in community colleges. New York: Routledge.

Hanson, D. M., & Heller, J. (2009). Learning communities as a strategy for success.
International Journal of Process Education, 1(1), 19-24.

Jedele, R. E. (2010). A faculty ‘C’change: Inspired by learning communities. Thought & Action, 107.

Kilgo, C. A., Sheets, J. K. E., & Pascarella, E. T. (2014). The link between high-impact practices and student learning: Some longitudinal evidence. Higher Education, 1-17.

Kuh, George D. (2008). High-Impact Educational Practices: What They Are, Who Has Access to Them, and Why They Matter. Association of American Colleges and Universities.

Kuh, G. D., Cruce, T. M., Shoup, R., Kinzie, J., & Gonyea, R. M. (2008). Unmasking the effects of student engagement on first-year college grades and persistence. The Journal of Higher Education, 79(5), 540-563.

Lardner, E., & Malnarich, G. (2008). A new era in learning-community work: Why the pedagogy of intentional integration matters. Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning, 40(4), 30-37.

Lardner, E. D., & Malnarich, G. (2008). Sustaining Learning Communities: Moving from Curricular to Educational Reform. Perspectives, 20-23.

Laufgraben, J. L., & Shapiro, N. S. (2004). Sustaining and improving learning communities. New York: Wiley.

Leigh Smith, B., & MacGregor, J. (2009). Learning communities and the quest for quality.
Quality Assurance in Education, 17(2), 118-139.

Lenning, O. T., & Ebbers, L. H. (1999). The Powerful Potential of Learning Communities:
Improving Education for the Future. ASHE-ERIC Higher Education Report, Vol. 26, No. 6. ERIC Clearinghouse on Higher Education.

Lenning, O. T., Hill, D. M., Saunders, K. P., Solan, A., Stokes, A., & Tinto, V. (2013). Powerful learning communities: A guide to developing student, faculty, and professional learning communities to improve student success and organizational effectiveness. Sterling, VA: Stylus.

Lichtenstein, M. (2005). The importance of classroom environments in the assessment of
learning community outcomes. Journal of College Student Development, 46(4), 341-356.

Love, A. G. (2012). The growth and current state of learning communities in higher education. New Directions for Teaching and Learning, 2012(132), 5-18.

Marton, F., & Booth, S. A. (1997). Learning and awareness. New York: Psychology Press.

Meiklejohn, A. (1920). The liberal college. Boston; Marshall Jones.

Meiklejohn, A. (1932). The experimental college. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.

Pike, G. R., Kuh, G. D., & McCormick, A. C. (2011). An investigation of the contingent
relationships between learning community participation and student engagement. Research in Higher Education, 52(3), 300-322.

Barr, R. B., & Tagg, J. (1995). From teaching to learning: A new paradigm for undergraduate education. Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning, 27(6), 12-26.

Schön, D. A. (1987). Educating the reflective practitioner: Toward a new design for teaching and learning in the professions. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Scrivener, S. et. al. (2008). A good start: Two-year effects of a freshmen learning
community program at Kingsborough community college. New York: MDRC.

Shulman, L. S. (1999). Taking learning seriously. Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning, 31(4), 10-17.

Smith, Barbara, et. al. (2004). Learning communities: Reforming undergraduate education. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

Tagg, J. (2003). The learning paradigm college. Bolton: Anker Publishing Company.

Taylor, K. (2003). Learning community research and assessment: What we know now.
Washington Center for Improving the Quality of Undergraduate Education, National Learning Communities Project.

Tinto, V. (1988). Stages of student departure: Reflections on the longitudinal character of student leaving. The Journal of Higher Education, 438-455.

Tinto, V. (2003). Learning better together: The impact of learning communities on student
Education monograph series, 1(8).

Tinto, V., & Goodsell, A. (1994). Freshman interest groups and the first-year experience:
Constructing student communities in a large university. Journal of The First-Year Experience & Students in Transition, 6 (1), 7-28.

Torres-Bower, A. (2011). A primer for learning community coordinators. Cerritos College/ Washington Centre for Learning Communities. Evergreen State College, Olympia, WA.

Tussman, J. (1969). Experiment at Berkeley. New York: Oxford University Press.

Visher, M. G., Weiss, M. J., Weissman, E., Rudd, T., & Wathington, H. D. (2012). The effects of learning communities for students in developmental education: A synthesis of
findings from six community colleges. National Center for Postsecondary Research.

Visher, M. G., Schneider, E., Wathington, H., & Collado, H. (2010). Scaling up learning
communities: The experience of six community colleges. National Center for
Postsecondary Research.

Wenger, E. (1998). Communities of practice: Learning as a social system. Systems thinker, 9(5), 2-3.

Whitehead, A. N. (1957). The Aims of Education (1929). Reprint. New York: Macmillan.

Zhao, C. M., & Kuh, G. D. (2004). Adding value: Learning communities and student
engagement. Research in Higher Education, 45(2), 115-138.